What is colon cancer?
Colon cancer, also called colorectal cancer, is a condition in which malignant cells are found in the colon or rectum. It begins when specific cells in the lining of the large intestine mutate and begin to reproduce uncontrollably.
It spreads quickly if not contained since it can grow into other organs through lymphatic infection. It is among the more treatable cancers, with about 95% of patients living five years after diagnosis. Treatment involves chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, or a combination thereof.
Chemotherapy often includes anti-cancer drugs taken orally, intravenously, or injected directly into a vein. Treatment almost always produces side effects, including nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and fatigue. Treatment can be permanent, such as surgically removing the colon, but surgeries often require patients to be put under anesthesia and may lead to long-term health issues.
Treatments that are not permanent include chemotherapy and radiation therapy because they only target the cancerous cells and do nothing for damaged healthy cells.
What causes colon cancer?
Screening stool samples diagnose or during physical examinations—many people associate it with cigarette smoking and heavy alcohol use. However, the top risk factors are obesity, lack of physical activity, and poor diet.
It tends to cause blood in the stools and changes in bowel habits like constipation or diarrhea. Symptoms include fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and flu-like symptoms. It may be curable depending on the cancer stage and the treatment options the patient chooses.
Colon cancers that are caught early tend to have better outcomes than those that aren’t. It is curable through organ-sparing surgery or removing all malignant cells with chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Treatment can last several years and is followed up with one-month colonoscopies at least once a year.
It may go into remission for years and even decades, but it’s not genuinely cured unless every cell in the body has been destroyed and there is no chance of relapse. It is most often curable if it hasn’t spread beyond localized areas.
Can colon cancer be cured?
Cancer is a very complicated and often misunderstood disease. It is curable if the doctor and patient work together to develop a treatment plan that fits their circumstances. It can be cured with surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or some combination of all three depending on how early it’s caught and where it spreads.
It may be cured through organ-sparing or partial removal surgery, but this isn’t always possible. Treatment has become standard of care over several years because the average cancer patient lives five years after diagnosis. It doesn’t have many visible symptoms until it’s too late. Colon cancers that aren’t treated quickly spread into surrounding organs and become difficult to remove while causing unnecessary suffering.
It is one of the most treatable forms of cancer. Treatment almost always leads to potential side effects treated with other medications or therapies. Colon cancer can be cured in most cases if it’s caught early enough and the proper treatments are chosen. Still, statistics show an increase in mortality rates because patients aren’t diagnosed until their cancers have spread throughout the body.
Treatment should be done early when no metastatic cells are present or possible to remove during surgery. It has many curable stages depending on how far it spreads, treatment types, and when it’s caught.
Treatment is a series of steps that improve the patient’s condition. Cure rates depend on individualized factors like patient prognosis, fitness for different treatments, stage of cancer at diagnosis, and patient preference. Colon cancers that have metastasized into other tissues or organs cannot be cured, and treatment focuses on relieving symptoms and prolonging life.
How is colon cancer treated?
People at a higher risk of developing colon cancer but who haven’t been diagnosed should talk to their doctor about being screened. It can be caught early by having regular screenings done, which increases the chances of being cured.
Treatment options depend on how far it has spread, but there are many ways to approach this disease, including surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Colon cancers don’t always cause noticeable symptoms like constipation, stomach pain, or blood in the stool, so they need to be tested through screenings.
Treatment can include surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy depending on the cancer stage at diagnosis and treatments preferred by the patient. Colon cancer metastasized isn’t curable, but its symptoms can be managed with medication and other therapies.
Most colon cancers are curable if they are caught early enough to spread to surrounding tissues or organs. Cure rates depend on individualized factors like patient prognosis, fitness for different treatments, stage of cancer at diagnosis, and patient preference.
Treatment regimens are customized to each person’s health, age, personal preferences, and disease specifics. It is most often curable when it hasn’t spread beyond localized tissues or organs because treatment options are more effective.
Cure rates depend on early detection, fitness for different treatments, and patient preference. Cure rates vary depending on how early it’s caught, where it spreads, and available treatment types.
Colon cancer can be cured if it’s detected early enough before metastatic cells spread through the body. It is almost always curable when it hasn’t metastasized, but this depends on its location in the intestines, whether surgery can remove all of it and if there are any lesions suspicious for malignancy.
but this depends on its location in the intestines, whether surgery can remove all of it and if there are any lesions suspicious for malignancy.