Colon cancer, also known as Colorectal Cancer or CRC, is one of the most preventable cancers in the United States. That’s because colon cancer can be detected through a simple screening test known as a colonoscopy.
What is Colon Cancer?
Colon cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the large intestine (colon). The large intestine is the part of your digestive system that absorbs water and nutrients from food. CRC can also spread to other parts of your body, such as the liver or lungs.
There are several different types of colorectal cancer, but the most common type is adenocarcinoma. Adenocarcinoma starts in cells that line the inner surface of the intestine.
Colon Cancer Prevention Strategies
There are many ways to prevent Colon cancer. Some of these methods are listed below:
-Get screened regularly: One of the best ways to prevent CRC is to get screened regularly. A Colonoscopy is a simple screening test that can detect colorectal cancer early when it is most treatable.
-Maintain a healthy weight and diet: Maintaining a healthy weight and diet is one of the best ways to prevent Colon cancer. Eating a healthy diet can help reduce your risk of developing it, and maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce your risk of developing other types of cancer.
There are many different ways to maintain a healthy weight and diet. Some tips for maintaining a healthy diet include:
- Eating plenty of fruits and vegetables: Fruits and vegetables are high in antioxidants which can help protect your body from cancer. Antioxidants can also help repair damage caused by free radicals, increasing your risk of cancer.
- Avoiding processed foods: Processed foods often contain unhealthy fats, sugars, and chemicals that can increase cancer risk.
-Exercise regularly: Exercising regularly is one of the best ways to prevent CRC. Exercise helps keep your body healthy and reduces your risk of colorectal cancer.
-Quit smoking tobacco products: Smoking cigarettes is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States, and it’s also a significant risk factor for developing Colon cancer. Smoking tobacco products increases your risk of colorectal cancer by 60%.
There are many reasons to quit smoking, and reducing your risk of CRC is just one of them. Quitting smoking also reduces your risk of heart disease, lung cancer, and other diseases.
If you’re ready to quit smoking, many resources are available to help you. There are Nicotine Replacement Therapies (NRTs), such as patches and gum, that can help reduce your cravings for cigarettes. There are also medications available that can help you quit smoking.
- Your doctor can also help you quit smoking. They can provide counseling and prescribe medications to help you stop.
- Limit alcohol consumption. Drinking alcohol can increase your risk of Colon cancer.
Symptoms of Colon Cancer
Most people with colon cancer do not have any symptoms until the cancer is advanced. When symptoms do occur, they may include:
– Blood in the stool
– Changes in bowel habits, such as constipation or diarrhea
– Cramping or abdominal pain
– Weight loss
– Weakness or fatigue
– In rare cases, CRC can cause liver cancer or lung cancer.
Treatments for Colon Cancer
There are several different treatments for colorectal cancer, including:
-Surgery: Surgery is the most common treatment for Colon cancer. There are several different types of surgery that can treat Colon cancer. The type of surgery used depends on the stage of cancer and the person’s overall health.
-Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses drugs to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be used alone or in combination with other types of cancer treatment, such as radiation therapy or surgery.
-Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses high-energy x-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy can be used alone or in combination with other types of cancer treatment, such as chemotherapy or surgery.
-Targeted therapy: Targeted therapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses drugs that attack specific genes or proteins in cancer cells. Targeted therapy can be used alone or in combination with other types of cancer treatment, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
–Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses the body’s immune system to fight cancer. Immunotherapy can be used alone or in combination with other types of cancer treatment, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
Colon cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the Colon. Symptoms may include blood in the stool, changes in bowel habits, cramping or abdominal pain, and weight loss—several different treatments, including surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and targeted therapy.